The Causes and Results of Stress on the Quadratus Lumborum
Overuse and imbalance can cause problems in the QL muscles and can result in muscle fatigue, especially in those who are seated for a long period each day (as in those who are seated at desks) or in those who spend a great deal of time bending forward (as in those who work in any job that requires a great deal of bending forward such as gardeners, landscapers, warehouse workers and many other forms of manual labor). This constant contraction of the QL muscles can then result in a decrease in blood flow. When this condition persists for long periods of time, muscle adhesions may result which can result in muscle spasms.
Posture is another area that can cause stress to the QL muscles. When kyphotic posture (‘roundback’, slouched posture or forward bent posture) and rounded shoulders are seen (which is very common in cases of kyphosis), the QL muscles (as well as other muscles of the lower back) will experience high levels of stress as they then must work harder in both seated and standing positions to hold up the neck and torso.
The QL muscles can also be stressed though becoming the primary movers of hip abduction, when the typical hip abductors (glut medius and glut minimus) are inhibited.
Determining Quadratus Lumborum Issues
In determining if there are problems with the QL muscles, one simple method is through palpitation, or simply pressing on the QL muscles with the forefingers. If there is a pain reaction, tenderness or obvious knots in the muscle fiber of the QL’s, there is likely a stress issue that needs to be addressed. As well, constant or recurrent pain in the lower back on either side of the spine may well be centered in the QL muscles. As the QL’s cover the kidneys, QL issues can sometimes be mistaken for issues with the kidneys.
Addressing Issues With the Quadratus Lumborum
As with any medical condition, a consultation with a professional is important for proper diagnosis. In cases of postural imbalance, one may choose to work with a physical therapist to correct the posture. As well, yoga and massage can offer relief and a pathway to restoration of balance. Whether you utilize massage and yoga at the direction of your physical therapist or healthcare provider, or as a part of your own system of self-care and preventative healthcare, you should be aware of your issues and imbalances to assist both your yoga instructor and massage therapist in providing you with the best possible outcome for your particular situation.
When considering massage therapy
or yoga, it is important to be as specific as possible when describing the issues you are experiencing in your body and to be as exact as possible in detailing the areas where you are experiencing discomfort or pain. Being clear and concise about your problem areas can help the practitioner to isolate the problem areas, if you do not have a previous diagnosis from which to work. For example, simply stating that, “My back hurts”, may be far less helpful than stating that the pain or discomfort is focused in a specific area or region of the back. The more information you can provide, the better. With that said however, a well trained massage therapist or yoga teacher will have insight and training to assist them in locating your postural misalignments, imbalances and muscle stress.
Massage therapy and yoga can offer relief from problems associated with the QL muscles. Both offer avenues to relieve the physical imbalances and muscle fatigue associated with the causative elements in many QL issues. As the body is a complete system, we must look at any single issue in a holistic light and understand that full balance is achieved through bringing many small imbalances into alignment so that major imbalances can be corrected. Massage and yoga can both offer aid and relief, and when the two systems are used simultaneously, can go much further than either individually, offering a complementary approach that can bring greater homeostasis to our bodies and our lives.